In recent years, the Maoists have been trying to spread their influence in the western states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, beyond the eastern region of India. And their activities have increased in recent days. According to intelligence sources, they are trying to influence the people of these areas in many ways.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced several rehabilitation plans and facilities for them to stop the Maoists’ activities. But there was not much work to do, few of the militants took advantage of these announced announcements. [Reuters]
And the main goal of this effort is to create ‘Red Corridor’ in this vast region of the Indian subcontinent from Nepal’s Pashupati to the west coast of India, to Hiroki city Surat.
Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaram told Khabar South Asia: “The influence of the Maoists has increased dramatically in the last years”.
This movement of Maoists started in 1970, from a small village called Noxalbari of North Bengal. Then it spread quickly. In the early 1990’s, their activities were noticed in 15 districts of four states of India. But by the end of 2003, it increased to 55 districts in nine states.
“Maoists are now active in 200 districts of 602 districts of 17 states,” Chidambaram said.
This influence of the Maoists is spread across part groups in one area, and it has spread from Telangana in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh to Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Bihar. Pashupati of Nepal has gone. And here they are in the shadow of safe energy under the leadership of the former Nepalese Prime Minister.
From the latest militant activities of Maoists in the western part of India, it is understood that they have made this area the main focus of their activities. A total of 221 people were killed in the incident involving Maharashtra Maoist from 2008 to 2011. 51 of them died last year.
There are some similar characteristics seen in Maoist-affected districts. In many districts it is seen that tribal people are dominated, some places are surrounded by forests, in some places, precious minerals such as bauxite coal or ore iron.
Although these districts are rich in mineral resources, these areas are mainly backward. The inhabitants of this country have seen the suspicion of outsiders. People’s basic needs like electricity are not often met.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has urged Maoists in her state to surrender and help in development. Recently, he has left the Maoists’ important jungles in the Wilderness and announced several rehabilitation programs for the local Maoists. He said those Maoists who want to surrender will be given jobs and money.
His proposal has received very few Maoists. Only four people surrendered after submitting their arms. Shortly after this, one of them killed his newly released former comrades.
The Maoist regional commander Kanu Munda (alias Suman) told Khabar South Asia that “traitors will not be forgiven”. He also said, “We aim to expand our war against corruption with the aim of establishing a classless society in India. In this area, whoever stands before us as a barrier, we will remove them.
In December 2009, the government of India started operation of the Green Heart, to stop the growing terrorist activities. These integrated military operations are basically targeted in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh, Orissa state in the southern and Jangalmahal district of West Bengal.
The West Bengal rebels have been taking extortion from the businessmen. Because of this, many businesses are facing the danger. For example, it can be said about JSW Steel Ltd. They stopped construction of their $ 7 billion steel plant.
JSW Chairman Naveen Jindal told Khabar South Asia, “We will not finish this project until the government can protect us and our workers from the scary threat of these extremists”.